, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Colon cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the United States. It is estimated that more than 140,000 people will be diagnosed with colon cancer in 2020. While it is a serious disease, it is also one that can be treated successfully if caught early.
What is Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer is a type of cancer that affects the large intestine, which is the last part of the digestive system. It is also known as colorectal cancer. The cancer begins when cells in the colon start to grow abnormally and form a tumor. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other parts of the body.
What are the Symptoms of Colon Cancer?
The most common symptom of colon cancer is a change in bowel habits, such as constipation, diarrhea, or a feeling of incomplete bowel movements. Other symptoms may include blood in the stool, abdominal pain, and unexplained weight loss.
How is Colon Cancer Diagnosed?
If you have any of the symptoms of colon cancer, your doctor will likely order a colonoscopy to look for any abnormalities. During a colonoscopy, a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end is inserted into the rectum and used to examine the inside of the colon. If any suspicious areas are found, a biopsy may be taken to determine if cancer is present.
How is Colon Cancer Treated?
The treatment for colon cancer depends on the stage of the cancer and the patient’s overall health. Surgery is often used to remove the cancerous tumor and any nearby lymph nodes. In some cases, chemotherapy or radiation may be used to kill any remaining cancer cells.
What Can I Do to Reduce My Risk of Colon Cancer?
There are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing colon cancer. Eating a healthy diet that is low in fat and high in fiber can help keep your digestive system healthy. Regular exercise can also help reduce your risk. Additionally, it is important to get regular screenings for colon cancer, as early detection is key to successful treatment.
Colon cancer is a serious disease, but it is also one that can be treated successfully if caught early. If you have any of the symptoms of colon cancer, it is important to see your doctor right away. With the right treatment, you can reduce your risk of developing this disease.