Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, with more than 3.5 million cases diagnosed each year. Skin cancer can be divided into two main categories: non-melanoma and melanoma. Non-melanoma skin cancer is the most common type, accounting for about 95 percent of all skin cancer cases. Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer, and it is responsible for the majority of skin cancer deaths.
Non-melanoma skin cancer is divided into two main types: basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of non-melanoma skin cancer, and it is usually found on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, and hands. Squamous cell carcinoma is less common, but it can be more aggressive and is usually found on areas of the skin that are not exposed to the sun, such as the legs and arms.
Melanoma is the most serious type of skin cancer, and it is usually found on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, and hands. Melanoma can also be found on areas of the skin that are not exposed to the sun, such as the palms of the hands and soles of the feet.
Early detection of skin cancer is key to successful treatment. It is important to be aware of any changes in your skin, such as new moles, changes in existing moles, or any other changes in the skin. If you notice any changes, it is important to see a doctor right away.
Your doctor may perform a skin exam to look for any suspicious moles or other changes in the skin. If your doctor finds anything suspicious, they may order a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. A biopsy is a procedure in which a small sample of skin is taken and examined under a microscope.
It is also important to practice sun safety to reduce your risk of skin cancer. This includes wearing sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding direct sun exposure during peak hours.
By being aware of the different types of skin cancer, practicing sun safety, and being aware of any changes in your skin, you can help detect skin cancer early and increase your chances of successful treatment.