Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare and aggressive form of breast cancer that affects approximately 1 in 100,000 women in the United States. It is characterized by rapid growth and spread of cancer cells, and is often difficult to diagnose due to its lack of visible symptoms. Despite its rarity, IBC is the most deadly form of breast cancer, with a five-year survival rate of only 40%.
Fortunately, recent advances in medical technology have made it possible to detect IBC earlier and to develop more effective treatments. In particular, new treatments such as targeted therapies and immunotherapies are showing promise in treating IBC.
Targeted therapies are drugs that target specific molecules in cancer cells, such as proteins or enzymes, and block their activity. These drugs can be used to stop the growth and spread of cancer cells, and can be used in combination with other treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation. For example, the drug trastuzumab (Herceptin) is a targeted therapy that is used to treat HER2-positive IBC.
Immunotherapies are treatments that use the body’s own immune system to fight cancer. These treatments can be used to stimulate the immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells, or to block the signals that cancer cells use to evade the immune system. For example, the drug ipilimumab (Yervoy) is an immunotherapy that is used to treat IBC.
In addition to these new treatments, researchers are also exploring the use of gene therapy to treat IBC. Gene therapy involves introducing new genes into cancer cells to make them more sensitive to existing treatments or to make them more vulnerable to the body’s own immune system.
The promise of these new treatments is encouraging, and researchers are hopeful that they will lead to improved outcomes for patients with IBC. While more research is needed to fully understand the effectiveness of these treatments, they offer hope to those affected by this aggressive form of breast cancer.